Regional differences in IQ are presented for 12 regions of Italy showing that IQs are highest in the north and lowest in the south. Regional IQs obtained in 2006 are highly correlated with average incomes at r=0.937, and with stature, infant mortality, literacy and education. The lower IQ in southern Italy may be attributable to genetic admixture with populations from the Near East and North Africa.Lynn calculates average IQs ranging from 89 in Sicily to 103 in Friuli-Venezia.
North-South IQ differences in Italy
Via Mangan's, a paper from Richard Lynn entitled "In Italy, north–south differences in IQ predict differences in income, education, infant mortality, stature, and literacy":